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SACAU Newsletter, March 2018

Click here to download our March 2018 Newsletter

Woman farmer of the month, Mrs Feddy Tesha

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Mrs Feddy Tesha.

Mrs Feddy Tesha is one of the members of the SACAU Women Farmers’ Forum from Tanzania. She is the Founder and Managing Director of Profate Investments Limited (PIL), a company that focuses on the production, processing, marketing and distribution of dairy products in Tanzania. The company itself produces and processes about 1,000 liters of milk per day. Apart from producing part of the raw milk from its own farm, it also receives milk from 135 small producers, cooperative societies and farmer groups.

Instead of staying a small farmer like her parents or becoming a state worker, as was promised by her modest education, Feddy decided to draw a different future for herself. She is best known for being one of the country’s medium milk producers who started small.

Her life purpose is to enhance productivity and quality of dairy production and processing in Profate Investments Ltd and Tanzania. To advance this, she has started an establishment of a practical dairy demonstration farm in Kisarawe District Coast region in Tanzania. The company has also partnered with several organisations and institutions to transform dairy production through cooperatives and farmer groups and individual smallholder farmers, amongst others.

Feddy holds an Advanced Diploma in Social work from The National Social Welfare Training Institute (1988) and a Post Graduate Diploma in International Business Management from The College of Business Education (2003). She also has two certificates in Entrepreneurship for Women Promoters from Noida, New Delhi, India and in Entrepreneurship and Business Management from the University ofDar Es Salaam, Tanzania. She also attended the Initiative of Change International Forum on ‘Ethical Leadership in Business’ (29 June – 2 July 2017) in Caux – Geneva.

She is an innovator of an inclusive business model that was recognised and showcased by Grow Africa in 2014. Among other responsibilities, she has been the Chairperson of Tanzania Milk Processors Association (TAMPA) from 2012 to 2017, Board member of the East Southern Africa Dairy Association (ESADA) and member of the Agricultural Council of Tanzania (ACT) through Profate Investments Ltd.

She is a Committee member in the Dar es Salaam Regional Industrial Development Organisation (SIDO) and also sits in the National Dairy Council and the Dairy Development Forum Committee.

A member of regional Young Farmers’ Forum attends conference in Berlin

Ms Noi Selepe, a young farmer from Lesotho speaking at a G20 gathering of world leaders. African young farmers, also referred to as “rural youth” gathered in Bonn, Germany, From 25th to 30th March 2017

Ms Noi Selepe, a young farmer from Lesotho speaking at a G20 gathering of world leaders. African young farmers, also referred to as “rural youth” gathered in Bonn, Germany, From 25th to 30th March 2017

From 25th to 30th March 2017, African young farmers, also referred to as “rural youth” gathered in Bonn, Germany, to share their experiences and deliberate on how rural development could be accelerated.

The gathering was also aimed at soliciting ideas from the youth to contribute towards the Berlin Charter which was to be finalised and handed over to the G20 Conference in Berlin. One of the young farmers from the region, Ms Noi Selepe of Lesotho and a member of SACAU’s Young Farmers’ Forum, was selected in the March meeting to represent youth at the G20 Conference.

In her presentation, she highlighted that many entrepreneurs in Africa are in need of assistance to expand and grow their enterprises. “One of the approaches that has proved to be helpful in addressing the problem is for the youth is to get organised and form partnerships,” said Ms Selepe. She also indicated that through proper organisation, the youth will be able to dialogue and influence policy makers to develop the rural areas.

Ms Selepe asked the development partners to partner with the young entrepreneurs while allowing them to be in the driver’s seat. SACAU would like to congratulate Ms Selepe for adequately representing the youth of Africa at this important meeting.

SACAU kicks off the process of establishing an agri-agency unit

From 19th to 23rd September, a team from Agriterra comprising of Dr Kees Blokland and Mr Jan Breambroek and Mr Benito Eliasi of SACAU secretariat held consultations with the Zimbabwe Farmers’ Union (ZFU) and Commercial Farmers’ Union (CFU) of Zimbabwe. The consultations were conducted as part of SACAU’s assessment as it prepares to establish an agri-agency unit as mandated by the 2016 Annual General Meeting (AGM) that was held in Swaziland earlier this year. The consultations focused on management and operations of the two organisations and their perception regarding different roles of SACAU as a regional apex body of farmers’ organisations (FOs). In addition, the mission investigated the capacity needs of the two organisations as well as their interest to receive or render advisory services to other SACAU members.

The two organisations pledged their support to SACAU as it is going through this process. They were also in support of skills exchange programmes among SACAU members and indicated that to a lesser extent the concept is being applied in Zimbabwe. It was also interesting to note that efforts of uniting the advocacy activities of the two organisations are at an advanced stage and so far three FOs in the country have signed a Memorandum of Understanding (MoU) to start working together on common issues affecting farmers in the country. They both foresee possibilities of merging into a single union in the future though currently each will maintain its autonomy while modalities of merging are being discussed. The mission commended both organisations for taking such a bold decision which in the long run will benefit all farmers in the country.

One of the topics that was discussed at length with each FO was resource mobilisation. This was identified as a very critical issue by the two organisations and they both are working hard to devise mechanisms of increasing their financial resources base. They both consider the idea of an agri-agency coordinating and linking provision of services among national FOs in the region to be one of the mechanisms that will assist organisations to raise funds through offering services to other organisations. ZFU and CFU also indicated that they would want SACAU to continue playing a greater role of lobbying and advocacy on regional matters. In addition, ZFU appreciated the training its members and management team receive from SACAU on various issues.

Similar assessments are scheduled in November and December 2016  in Malawi and Namibia respectively.

Grain stakeholders talk structured trade

Over the course of history, world grain trade has developed from the stage where grain was only shipped as incidental cargo to its grand status today; an industry in which thousands of tons of grain are moved daily, across the world. Interestingly, as a share of total consumption, traded grain has risen from less than 0.03% in the eighteenth century to more than 10% today, making the sector highly profitable for those who are involved and have the capacity to adapt to changes and shocks which global trade contends with. Structured trading is how most grain is traded in the developed world, and is now expanding in Africa. With sophisticated trading systems already in existence for niche export commodities such as coffee and cut-flowers on the continent, it is ironic that given the growing challenge of feeding a population which is growing exponentially, such systems are still in their infancy for staple commodities in most African countries.

With the highest per capita consumption of grains on the continent reported to be in the north Africa region; Rabobank predicts that Sub-Saharan Africa will eclipse North Africa’s grain demand by 2025 and this presents a significant opportunity for grain suppliers as well as producers in the region.

It is against this backdrop of a high growth potential in our region that SACAU, through support provided by the Technical Centre for Agricultural and Rural Cooperation (CTA), organised training for members of the Southern African Grain Network (SAGNET) on Structured Commodity Trade Finance Training. SAGNET is a regional network of grain value chain stakeholders from Malawi, Mozambique, Namibia, South Africa, Swaziland, Tanzania, Zambia and Zimbabwe. The three-day flagship training was facilitated by the Eastern Africa Grain Council’s (EAGC) specialised training and capacity building division, the Eastern Africa Grain Institute (EAGI).

The training provided participants with a unique opportunity to understand the prospects and risks under regional and international export/ import financing, with special attention paid to warehouse receipt financing. Furthermore, participants learnt how market information systems work to support the growth of the commodity trading environment. Through the use of case studies depicting real life experiences on the success of structured trade finance, the diverse group of individuals contributed to vibrant discussions, further expanded upon by their personal work experiences.

The area of international and regional trade policy was well enjoyed by participants, some of whom expressed the expectation of being in an improved position to influence policy and effect change upon their return to their respective countries. A session on trade contracts and dispute resolution was covered on the last day, with trainers and legal experts challenging opinions and sharing detailed experiences; a session which was truly insightful for all.

The course not only covered theoretical elements, it also encompassed a practical component for which a field visit to AFGRI’s silo in Bronkhorstspruit was organised.

The participants were received and welcomed by the silo manager, Mr Willie Pieters and his colleagues who took the participants through various operations at the very well-equipped and technologically enhanced silo. Only nine individuals run the plant visited and the company’s 84 silos and bunkers in southern Africa are all housed under the AFGRI Grain Management business which is a grain storage facility and handler. They however do not own or trade any of the products they handle.

The specific operations which were seen at the silo included grain receiving and sampling, which was noted as the single most important step in the process. Samples from every load of grain which is stored by the silo is tested thoroughly upon arrival and following departure. Offloading and stacking was also illustrated and participants were taken through the intricate process of caring for the grain during storage. AFGRI has perfected their grain storage operations and the handling thereof is a seamless process which is optimised by technology which provides on-the-minute reporting and risk management, backed by decades of experience and a staff complement which has truly earned their proverbial stripes in the industry.

The global explosion in trade volumes has been supported heavily by communication and technology, which has made it possible to share information from virtually anywhere globally on which grain is available to buyers and sellers alike. Africa currently accounts for nearly 30% of world-wide grain imports and the demand is still growing, with grain imports in sub-Saharan Africa expected to increase by 50% in the next ten years, also according to Rabobank.

The training on Structured Commodity Trade Finance has equipped recipients with information and a new-found understanding of the subject area which will assist them to steer through the highly specialised and complex transactions involved in commodity trade, amidst the disruptions which food production systems are facing which have unfortunately undermined confidence in global trade as a reliable mechanism for the delivery of food security.

Young agripreneurs extend networks, sharpen skills at conference

October 2016 will be a memorable month for three young agri-preneurs from SACAU who participated in the Pan African Agribusiness Incubators Conference and Expo that was held in the capital city of Ghana, Accra, from 4th to 6th October. The conference whose theme was “turning science into business – inclusive agribusiness incubation for vibrant economies in Africa”, exposed young farmers to different technologies and innovations that are likely going to change the landscape of agriculture in Africa. Delegates extensively discussed the future of African farming and agribusiness and considered emerging opportunities for youth in the development of the sector. The three young agri-entrepreneurs from SACAU who participated are Ms. Manes Nkhata from Malawi, Mr. Sibusiso Gule from Swaziland and Ms Magdalene Shirima from Tanzania. They were accompanied by Mr. Benito Eliasi from the SACAU secretariat.

The three-day conference involved plenary and group discussion as well as well as displays of various new innovations, technologies, services and products that are developed through the incubation programs. The event brought together more than 700 delegates from around the world from various segments of the economy including academia, policy makers, researchers, investors, development partners and incubators and incubatees in the continent. One of the youth, Mr Gule said that “what interested me most were the discussions around commitments of stakeholders to engage the young generation in promoting “value chain transformation’. This is a way to go if the sector is to attract the youth. “Looking at the enthusiasm of participants, especially the youth in this conference, I think Africa has a bright future in agriculture” added Ms. Shirima.

Also commenting on the conference, Ms. Nkhata said, “this conference has extended my horizon in business and has created greater awareness on agribusiness incubation, trade and investment options in Africa and I will definitely utilise the knowledge gained at this conference when I go back home to Malawi”. “The conference offered me opportunities to exchange information on best practices and lessons in managing agribusiness, establishing agribusiness and incubators, development and commercialisation of agro-technologies and innovations and improving agribusiness education”, said Ms. Nkhata.

On her part, Ms. Magdalene Shirima indicated that the conference has enabled her to link with partners for business opportunities. “Young agri-preneurs should love reading business books and I was impressed when one of the panellists encouraged us young people to read”, said Ms. Shirima. “I will definitely come back to Ghana for business linkages,” she continued.

Overall the conference was worthwhile and the African Agribusiness Incubation Network (AAIN) was commended for the effort they are making in Africa in incubation though some incubatees that drop out of the program. Delegates advised AAIN to consider different options of funding streams for the sustenance of the program. “AAIN should strengthen their coordination mechanisms with partners in implementing the incubation programs”, commented one participant from east Africa. Another delegate emphasised that agriculture cannot survive from lending opportunities only, thus there is need for strategic partnerships for funding the entire value chains, and in the process enable stakeholders to identify missing gaps especially for youth inclusiveness. The SACAU delegates attended the conference with support from the Technical Center for Agriculture and Rural Cooperation (CTA).

SACAU supports farmers to tackle climate change

Southern African farmers are supporting global drives to ensure that agriculture meets the challenges of climate change in a quest to achieve zero hunger by 2030.

“Farmers’ organisations (FOs) play a critical role in ensuring that the complex and dynamic developments that lie ahead don’t leave smallholder farmers behind, so that they can manage the risks, and opportunities, that come with the future,” says Mr Ishmael Sunga, CEO of SACAU as the organisation marked Global World Food Day on October 16th under the banner “Climate is changing. Food and agriculture must too.

The Food and Agriculture Organisation (FAO) estimates that agricultural production (crops, livestock, fisheries and aquaculture) will have to increase by about 60% by 2050 to feed a growing global population.

In order to feed a growing global population in a changing climate the world must adopt to more resilient and sustainable forms of agricultural systems such as Climate smart agriculture (CSA) that can offer a strategic approach in transforming the future of agriculture and promote food security.

“The modernisation of African farmers’ organisations needs to include the use public-private partnerships, improvement of logistics, and the use of digital solutions for issues such as training, so that it becomes more accessible at a lesser cost,” explains Mr Sunga.

The negative effects of climate change are undermining food production and farmers’ productivity and sustainable agricultural practices are therefore essential to address these challenges.

“Climate change means it is no longer business as usual. We need fundamental change, a revolution in the way we farm in Africa”, says Dr Theo de Jager, the President of SACAU.

SACAU Newsletter, September 2016

Click here to download the SACAU News, September 2016

SACAU attends the 2016 African Green Revolution Forum

SACAU participated in the sixth African Green Revolution Forum (AGRF) which was held from 5th to 9th September 2016 in Nairobi, Kenya. SACAU is a co-organiser of the AGRF; a multi-stakeholder forum that brings together a diverse range of influential leaders and change agents from across the African agricultural landscape and around the world. An encouraging consideration at the forum was the emphasis on scaling up successes in order to transform African agriculture. This resonated well with the 2016 theme “Seize the Moment: Securing Africa’s Rise through Agricultural Transformation”.

One of the highlights for SACAU was the participation of the CEO, Mr Ishmael Sunga, at the Ministerial Roundtable where he shared some of the organisation’s commitments and how it is positioning itself in the agricultural transformation agenda. Commitments delivered by Mr Sunga were signing up half a million farmers per year on a digital platform to enable them to access value-added services and for them to aggregate and have the “muscle” to do business with others as well as signing up one million young business farmers on a virtual digital platform. This was over and above the establishment of a Development Fund which will make up to 20,000 agribusiness opportunities available for young farmers.

SACAU also co-hosted a side event titled “Data Revolution: Enabling Smallholder Farmers through ICT Innovations” which sought to understand when and how digital platforms can be relevant to smallholder farmers as well as to identify “do’s and don’ts” when establishing platforms for smallholder farmers. SACAU was also a speaker at this side-event and shared some of the experiences from work done in this area. Mr Sunga remarked that ICT is going to leapfrog Africa and pointed out the need to harness innovations to increase scale as one of the answers to the “double squeeze” of high inputs costs and low output prices that farmers, particularly smallholders, face. Some of the interesting points in the session were from Ms Sara Menker, Founder and CEO of Gro Intelligence; wherein she explained that Africa is now where the United States was in the 1930s, however with technology, Africa does not have to follow this trajectory. Mr Uziel Zontag, Co-founder/ Director of AgriLift Rwanda emphasised the importance of knowing the sizes of farmers’ plots and he noted that in Africa, more than 70% of farmers do not know the size of their plots. “We need to know what is grown in the plots. Agriculture is a spatial issue”, he said.

The 2016 AGRF which brought together more than 1500 delegates including global business leaders; African Heads of State; ministers; farmers organisations; private agribusiness firms, and financial institutions provided great networking opportunities. Through this, SACAU made good contacts, particularly around the application of ICT in agriculture, some of which have already translated into collaboration arrangements.

For decisions and commitments from the event, please refer to the AGRF communique here.

Climate-smart agriculture is the solution to climate resilience

Climate change still remains a critical challenge to livestock and cereal farmers in southern Africa. Stress-tolerant germplasms, ICT-enabled climate information services, diversified livestock-based livelihoods and weather-based insurance were identified as solutions which cereal and livestock farmers can adopt to make the transition to climate-resilient agriculture.

These solutions were discussed at a regional meeting held on 13th – 16th September, 2016 at the Birchwood Hotel & OR Tambo Conference Centre in Johannesburg, South Africa.

This meeting was organised by the ACP-EU Technical Centre for Agricultural and Rural Cooperation (CTA), in partnership with the Southern African Confederation of Agricultural Union (SACAU) and other stakeholders to launch a project that seeks to promote climate-resilient cereal and livestock farming in southern Africa.

The purpose of this regional meeting was to build partnerships and synergies with stakeholders in the implementation of the flagship project and for technical validation of the proposed scaling up-strategy.

SACAU Chairman Dr Theo de Jager spoke about the negative impact of climate change on farmers’ productivity in southern Africa.

“Farmers are more vulnerable to climate change and they suffer first, so it is extremely important for farmers to take the lead in the debate of climate smart agriculture,” said Dr de Jager.

“There is a need for fundamental rapid change and a revolution in terms of how we do agriculture in Africa,” he said. “If we don’t do it ourselves, nature will do it for us.”

This was a highly interactive meeting attended by various organisations which are active in the area of climate change management and climate – smart agriculture.

The meeting explored the four areas which CTA’s flagship project for southern Africa has identified as strategic areas of focus, i.e. ICT-enabled climate information services, stress-tolerant germplasms, diversified livestock-based livelihoods and weather-based insurance.

 

Delegates attending the CTA/SACAU inception meeting and working session.

Delegates attending the CTA/SACAU inception meeting and working session.

 

ICT-enabled climate information services

ICT plays a critical role in driving key actions to create awareness surrounding the area of climate change management in addition to assisting with mitigation, monitoring and adaptation to climate change in Southern Africa. ICT-enabled climate information services are designed to provide real time information to farmers which empowers them and improves their decision making capacity.

The participants highlighted key  gaps in ICT and what measures can be taken by farmers in order to utilise ICT platforms. These gaps include limited infrastructure to capture data; misalignment of information coming from different existing sources; interpretation of available information and practical application thereof by farmers; limited documentation of past experiences and success stories to inform future actions; monopolisation of data by ‘powerful’ persons; and lack of support services provided to farmers in this field.

ICT systems or platforms are costly to establish and maintain. The key priorities raised by the participants were that farmers need to be educated on the use of ICT platforms and that stakeholders need to invest in ICT infrastructure in order to address the effects of climate change.

Stress-tolerant germplasms

Stress-tolerant germplasms refer to genetically improved varieties that have been developed to withstand heat, moisture and disease. These varieties enable farmers to produce food crops in hostile environmental conditions.

The need for upscaling the production and availability of stress-tolerant seed varieties was noted and this was discussed alongside the opportunity which exists in the liberalisation of seed movement from country to country, another gap which was cited.

Developing partnerships with the private sector can be a great opportunity for the dissemination of new seed varieties. Creating awareness amongst farmers’ can give them the knowledge and capacity to adapt to climate change, i.e. involving farmers in the process of developing new seed varieties creates familiarity and promotes improved understanding and possibly, uptake.

Diversified livestock-based livelihoods

The objective of diversification is to reduce farmers’ reliance on a single commodity and to help them to spread their production risk, i.e. diversifying to a second commodity which can either be livestock or another crop. The International Livestock Research Institute (ILRI) has implemented programmes with both a diversification and an intensification focus in the southern Africa region. ILRI’s work in reducing the greenhouse gas emissions in the agricultural sector is already informing research, policy and education in the region.

The ongoing drought has caused a lot of challenges in the 2015/16 season such as food insecurity, low incomes, inadequate and poor quality grazing for livestock. Considerable livestock losses have been reported across the region, with an estimate of 630 000 cattle deaths recorded in the 2015/16 El Niño induced drought.

Engaging the private sector can be a great opportunity to create partnerships that will promote education and distribution of research on livestock. Diversification of livestock can provide access to information on crop and livestock production and market participation.

Innovative weather-based insurance

Weather based insurance is designed to protect farmers against shocks emanating from adverse weather patterns and conditions in any one season.

Low levels of awareness on the knowledge and understanding of weather-based insurance products were identified.

In expanding the availability of weather-based insurance, service providers need to use innovative approaches to sell the insurance as part of a product offering for farmers.

 

Engaging the private sector in scaling up climate smart agricultural solutions 

Engaging the private sector was another topic that was discussed by participants at the workshop. The private sector plays a critical role in agricultural value chains and it has the ability to provide a strong link to the market place. Engaging the private sector in agriculture can be a major source of income in the form of grant funds coming possibly from corporate social responsibility funds. Partnerships with the private sector have potential benefits as well as risks, so they should only be entered when these are clear on all sides. The emerging opportunities to engage the private sector were identified as weather insurance (as part of a bundle of services for farmers), ICT-based information services like weather linked to mobile service providers, in livestock research as well as for dissemination of new seed varieties.