Since the adoption of Malabo commitments in June 2014, the first Biannual Review (BR) was conducted in 2017 and the results are indicating that very few countries are on track to achieve the agreed indicators of accelerated agricultural growth and transformation for shared prosperity and improved livelihoods of African people.
The African Union Commission (AUC) has through the Comprehensive Africa Agriculture Development Program (CAADP) been supporting countries to implement the decisions of the Malabo Declaration by domesticating them into country specific National Agriculture Investment Plans (NAIPs). Though African member states have made good progress on the CAADP process for delivering on Malabo commitments, there is need to pay attention to some areas if the Malabo commitments are to be achieved within the set deadlines.
The BR has revealed that on average only 6.7% of public expenditure was allocated to agriculture as opposed to the required 10%. To address the situation, there is need for a multi-stakeholder engagement, especially with the farming community which is the most affected if funding in the sector is inadequate. However, it was clear that farmers’ organisations do not have adequate information on ongoing processes such as Africa Agriculture
Transformation Scorecard which comprises of individual country performance scores on progress made for implementing goals set in the Malabo commitments. The Scorecard which captures 63 indicators was developed based on the strategic objectives of the Malabo Declaration. This is a very important tool for the assessment of progress in the commitments.
The process of BR is that each country produces their own individual reports and convene a country sector review where the report is shared and accepted/rejected. Once the reports are adopted, they are submitted to Regional Economic Communities which compile them into regional reports that are discussed by both technical and political teams.
After they are cleared, they are submitted to the AUC for further submission to heads of states. Out of the 55 AU member states, 47 countries submitted their information; and only Burundi, Malawi, Mali, Morocco, Togo, Rwanda and Uganda are on track to achieve the commitments.
The AUC shared these results with the Pan African Farmers’ Organizations (PAFO) at a meeting which took place from 28 to 29 November 2018 in Banjul, Gambia. PAFO and AUC also exchanged ideas on the best strategies of enhancing effective participation and contribution of national farmers’ organisations and their regional networks in the implementation of the Malabo commitments in their respective countries and regions.