The UN Climate Change Conference of Parties held its twenty-third instalment in Germany from 6th to 17th November where the parties adopted the Koronivia Joint Work on Agriculture. This agreement requests two United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change (UNFCCC) technical bodies to work jointly in addressing issues related to agriculture.
The agreement marks progress for UNFCCC agricultural agreements which have dragged on for more than six years since the 2011 resolution to exchange views. It adds implementation as an important aspect of the work of the convention. A review of the work done by the subsidiary bodies will be done at the next summit in 2020.
The two bodies, the Subsidiary Body for Scientific and Technological Advice and the Subsidiary Body for Implementation, will now work with bodies constituted under the convention and will pay specific consideration to the vulnerabilities of agriculture to climate change and approaches to addressing food security.
Parties now have an opportunity to make inputs on implementation modalities, devising methods for adaptation and resilience, improving nutrient and soil use, livestock management and the socioeconomic and food security dimensions of climate change in preparation for the next session of subsidiary bodies to be held in April-May 2018.
COP23 also committed itself to giving development capital amounting to USD 10 billion by 2025 for farmers in the developing world through the Sustainable Finance Facilities programme, a collaboration between various stakeholders including companies, investors, development sector partners, and civil society organisations.
The climate smart agriculture programme adopted as part of the summit’s outcomes is aimed at assisting women farmers to enhance food security and nutrition and to lessen the impact of adverse climate activity events on their businesses. The initiative targets the use of Information Communications Technology to leverage women’s access to assets in the agricultural sector in the Sahel region – Burkina Faso, Chad, Mali, Mauritania, and Niger.