Agriculture and food security affected by climate change

Agricultural production and food security are already being affected by extreme weather temperatures and drought, without urgent action it will put millions of people at risk of hunger and poverty, says Food and Agriculture Organisation of the United Nations (FAO).

A report commissioned by FAO titled The State of Food and Agriculture 2016, indicates that the greatest vulnerabilities to climate change impacts are people of low income and smallholder farmers.

The Paris Agreement, adopted in December 2015, represents a new beginning in the global effort to stabilize the climate before it is too late.

It recognizes the importance of food security in the international response to climate change, as reflected by many countries focusing on the agriculture sector in their planned contributions to adaptation and mitigation.

FAO has estimated that in order to meet the demand for food in 2050, annual world production of crops and livestock will need to increase by 60 percent.

The agricultural sector can benefit much from the introduction of sustainable agriculture practices such as cultivating heat-tolerant crop varieties, water harvesting, drip irrigation and precision agriculture.